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Types of ADA Tiles

This summary of the different types of ADA detectable warning tiles, how they’re installed, and their beneficial features will help you as you install, maintain, or replace the existing ADA materials at your business or for your clients.


Surface Applied Tiles

Engineered for retrofitting into any existing concrete surfaces without disturbing the concrete, surface applied truncated dome tiles and wayfinding bars are cost effective, durable, and wear-resistance. This makes them a good choice to quickly bring sites up to meet ADA detection warning requirements.

 

Applications

Surface applied tiles can easily be installed in a variety of spaces and areas including:

  • Transit Platforms
  • Parking Areas
  • ADA Curb Ramps
  • Pedestrian Crosswalks
  • Escalator Approaches and Exits
  • Shipping and Delivery Areas
  • Top/Bottom of Stair Landings and Wheelchair Ramps
Close Up of Yellow ADA Warning Tile

Applications for Truncated Domes:
  • Retrofit curb ramps so they correctly align with already built ADA compliant crosswalks.
  • Use their raised dome patterns to alert pedestrians to areas where there is no curb, wheelchair ramp, ADA ramp, or stairs.
  • Warn against unprotected drop off edges such as train platforms, curb drop-offs, unprotected pool edges, and slopes with a steep grade of a ratio of 1:3 (33%).
  • Use in large open floor areas, such as shopping malls, warehouses, or transportation terminals.
  • When using inside large spaces, wayfinding bars should lead from the entrance to major destinations throughout the space including restrooms, information booths or reception areas, stairways, elevators, and escalators, service areas, classrooms, and in the case of shopping areas, stores.


Features
  • Some tiles are designed with beveled edges for a strong fit and a smooth transition between the concrete and truncated domes.
  • Various manufacturers have engineered a unique sound reflection when the tile is tapped with a cane, making it easy for the user to distinguish the difference between a walkway and the ADA-compliant tile.
  • Lightweight but extremely durable
  • Tiles are weather and wear resistant
  • This ADA compliant product is cost effective
  • Tiles are easy to handle, and can be easily cut into various shapes and fit radius ramps


Sizes
  • 24”x24”
  • 24”x36”
  • 24”x48”
  • 24”x60”
  • 36”x48”
  • 36”x60”

Colors

Most brands offer a range of colors, including standard Federal Yellow and Safety Red. Some manufacturers offer additional colors such as Ocean Blue, Onyx Black, and Gray. Ask about custom printing with business names, logos, or other advertising.

 

Check with each manufacturer for their color selection options. 
(Note: colors are not a true representation of actual color, please request color sample)

 


Detectable Warning Tile Color Chart


Installation

Easy retrofit installation into any concrete surface using anchors, stainless steel pins, and Tactile Bond and Seal adhesive.

 

Cast in Place Tiles

These tactile detectable warning tiles are easily installed into wet-set concrete, making it a cost-effective to become ADA compliant. Manufactured with a diamond-hard vitrified polymer composite, cast in place truncated pavers are weather and wear resistant.


Applications

Use cast in place tiles in public, private, and government places to alert blind or visually impaired people to changes in pedestrian walkways and crossings, turning unsafe paths into safe ADA compliant pathways. 

 

With their truncated dome pattern, these detectable warning cast in place tiles and directional bar tiles are securely installed in a variety of spaces and areas during construction including:

Construction Worker Installing and Holding a Yellow ADA Tile
  • Parking Garages
  • Transit Platforms
  • Curb Ramps
  • Pedestrian Crosswalks
  • Shipping and Delivery Areas
  • Top/Bottom of Stair Landings and Wheelchair Ramps


Applications for Truncated Domes:
 
  • Create ADA compliant curb ramps where there were none.
  • Use their raised dome patterns to make pedestrians aware of areas where there is no curb, wheelchair ramp, or stairs, creating dangerous intersections.
  • Turn dangerous unprotected drop-offs into accessible, safe spaces.

 

Features
  • An advanced warning strip (3”x48”) creates a clear color contrast around the truncated domes tile perimeter.
  • These tiles sustain dynamic vehicle loading and passes the AASHTO HS20-44-wheel load test with ease.
  • Some manufacturers have engineered a unique sound reflection when the tile is tapped with a cane, making it easy for the user to distinguish the difference between a walkway and the ADA-compliant tile.
  • Easy to handle

 

Sizes
  • 12”x12”
  • 24”x24”
  • 24”x36”
  • 24”x48”
  • 24”x60”
  • 36”x48”
  • 36”x60”

 

Colors

Most brands offer a range of vibrant ADA complaint colors, including standard Federal Yellow and Safety Red. Some cast in place tile manufacturers offer additional colors such as Ocean Blue and Onyx Black. Ask a White Cap sales associate about and custom printing with business names, logos, or other advertising.

Check with each manufacturer for their color selection options. 
(Note: colors are not a true representation of actual color, please request color sample)





Installation
Cast in place detectable warning tiles utilize integral embedment flanges as a complete anchoring system. This allows the wet concrete to flow through the anchoring system, locking it into place when the concrete sets. Meanwhile, smaller bleeder holes allow for any trapped air to escape, ensuring a flush installation.

 

Replaceable Detectable Warning Tiles

Replacement warning tiles are manufactured from a polymer composite that creates an extremely durable, weather and wear resistance warning surface and ADA compliant tile. The cost-effective innovative design and fabrication installs easily and quickly, providing easy access for maintenance and replacement, if needed.


ADA Tile Backs


Underneath the tile, notice all the added features to ensure stability, easy replacement, and industry innovations.



Yellow ADA Tile Backs

 


Applications


These are some of the most common applications for replacement cast in place warning tiles:

  • ADA Curb Ramps
  • Parking Garages
  • Escalator Approaches
  • Transit Platforms
  • Wheelchair Ramps
  • Pedestrian Crosswalks
  • Top/Bottom of Stair Landings
  • Transit Platforms



Features

  • Tiles are resistant to corrosion, abrasion, and slipping.
  • Save time by cutting tiles easily on site without voiding the product warranty.
  • All truncated dome tiles are rigorously tested to ensure that they sustain dynamic vehicle loading using
        AASHTO HS20-44 wheel load test.
  • Additional testing is done to confirm the longevity of the detectable warning surface.
  • Replacement tiles are designed to be long-lasting and affordable.


Sizes

  • 1’x1’
  • 2’x2’
  • 2’x3’
  • 2’x4’
  • 2’x5’
  • 3’x4’
  • 3’x5’
  • 15’ Radius Curve


 

Colors

We offer a wide range of colors, including standard Federal Yellow and Safety Red. 

All ADA compliant colors are UV-stable, and the vibrant color is consistent throughout the truncated dome surfaces for long-lasting effects.

 

Check with each manufacturer for their color selection options. 
(Note: colors are not a true representation of actual color, please request color sample)






Installation

  • Install replacement cast in place tiles directly into wet set concrete in only 5 minutes.
  • Multiple anchors are using during installation to ensure maximum support and stability.
  • Truncated dome and wayfinding bar tiles can be easily removed and replaced for maintenance if needed. 

Radius Curve Tiles

Slightly curved to make curb ramp installation much easier, radius curve tiles do not need on-site cutting. Radius curved tiles are available as ADA compliant replacement cast in place and surface applied tiles.
Close Up of Yellow ADA Warning Tile


Applications

  • ADA Curb Ramps
  • Parking Garages
  • Escalator Approaches
  • Transit Platforms
  • Wheelchair Ramps
  • Pedestrian Crosswalks
  • Top/Bottom of Stair Landings



Features

  • Radius truncated dome tiles can be cut to conform to any shape that cannot accommodate straight ADA tiles.
  • The TWSI are corrosion resistant, slip resistant, and abrasion resistant.
  • Radius Curve tiles have been tested rigorously to ensure they sustain dynamic vehicle loading, using the AASHTO HS20-44.

 

Sizes
Detectable directional tiles are available in the following sizes:

  • 12”x12”
  • 6”x48”
  • 12”x48”
  • 36”x48”
  • 36”x60”

 

Colors
Available in a range of 10 colors, including standard Federal Yellow and Safety Red. 

All ADA compliant colors are UV-stable, and the vibrant color is consistent throughout the truncated dome surfaces for long-lasting effects.

Check with each manufacturer for their color selection options. 
(Note: colors are not a true representation of actual color, please request color sample)





Installation
 
  • Installs into wet set concrete within minutes.
  • Radius Curve warning pads and truncated dome tiles can be cast in place or surface anchored together using tamper-proof stainless steel fasteners.
  • All installation types feature a flush interface with the tactile walking surface indicators.
  • Multiple fastener locations ensure full anchoring of tactile surface. 
  • Tiles maintain pattern repeat when mounted side-to-side or top-to-bottom. 
  • Radius Curve detectable pads can be cut-to-size on-side to meet your exact specs and fit any angle or radius ramp.
  • See our trusted supplier’s free radius calculator to determine the number of detectable warning pavers for your project.

Wayfinding Tiles

Unlike all the ADA detectable warning tiles listed above, wayfinding tiles, also called directional bar strips, do not have truncated dome patterns. Instead, these directional bars are used to create non-visual but highly tactile directional paths. When paired with truncated dome tiles, this combination guides visually impaired people independently along fully accessible routes in any space.

Following a directional path of highly tactile raised strips laid at the start and end of college hallways, sidewalks, transit stations, and other locations allow blind and visually impaired to go about their daily lives unaided and independently. 

As a cost-effective ADA solution, directional tiles work for retrofitting and new construction. 

Manufactured out of innovative diamond-hard vitrified polymer composite, wayfinding tiles are designed to be long-lasting, weather and wear resistance.
Wayfinding Tiles

 

Applications
Directional Tiles can be used for the following applications and many more:


Directional strips on top and bottom of stair landings.
Truncated dome tiles on stair sides.



  • Hospitals
  • Schools, college, and universities
  • Pedestrian Crossings
  • ADA Curb Ramps
  • Elevator and Escalator Approaches and Exits
  • Parking Areas
  • Transit Stations and Platforms
  • Wheelchair Ramps
  • Sidewalks
  • Park Paths
  • Retail Stores and Shopping Centers
 

Features

 

  • Directional bars are elevated so they can be felt comfortably through shoes.
  • Designed with an innovative sound feedback technology in each ADA directional tile, individuals using canes or walkers can tap the surface to distinguish the difference between the directional path and the walkway.
  • Most detectable warning panels are designed with beveled edges to provide a smooth transition between the tile and the surrounding ground installation.

Sizes

  • 12”x12”
  • 6”x48”
  • 12”x48”
  • 36”x48”
  • 36”x60”


Colors
White Cap stocks an array of bright ADA compliant colors including standard Federal Yellow and Safety Red plus more vibrant compliant colors such as Ocean Blue, Onyx Black, and Pearl White.

Check with each manufacturer for their color selection options. 
(Note: colors are not a true representation of actual color, please request color sample)



 

Installation
Most detection warning directional strips can be surface applied as a retrofit or cast in place on new construction projects.

Check with our White Cap sales associates because several brand name directional tiles come as a complete installation kit with all the necessary sealants, adhesive, and fasteners.